Y. Podrezov – the 1st director of Research Institute of Automation Facilities (NIISA)
OJSC “AGAT – Control Systems” until recently was known in the Republic of Belarus and abroad as Republican Unitary Research Enterprise “Research Institute of Automation Facilities”, the parent enterprise of the AGAT State Research and Production Association, the only research institution in the Republic of Belarus that carries out system research of global objects control and practical implementation of such control systems.
Left to right:
Vladimir Ostreiko (14.11.1937-19.01.2001),
director general of the AGAT SRPA, the director of NIISA from 1986 to 1998.
Yury Podrezov (0.04.1924-31.01.2001),
1st director of NISA from 1969 to 1986.
Nikolay Azamatov (born 22.09.1938),
director general of the AGAT SRPA, director of NIISA from 1998 to 2004.
Research Institute of Automation Facilities (NIISA) was founded on the basis of a special construction bureau of Minsk Electromechanical Plant on February 26th, 21969 in order to create automated systems for forces control in respective link front (district) – army (corps) – division (brigade) – regiment – battalion (battery, squadron), followed by an integrated automated system for control of all services and branch of troops at these levels.
For more than 40 years’ period the enterprise has become one of the biggest scientific production centers, known worldwide as one of the leading centers creating automated control systems for various applications. Since its establishment, the company has developed and applied radio-electronics of all levels – from relay and lamps to modern microelectronics facilities. With direct participation of NIISA specialists, four generations of control sources and systems have been developed.
Since this period the company has developed and supplied armed forces with many control systems and complexes:
- “Air-M1” automated control system for air forces formations and units (adopted at the beginning of the 70s),
- “Kochkar” automated control system for anti-aircraft defense forces of tactical formation control center (adopted at the beginning of the 70s),
- “Udar” automated control system for air force striking aviation (adopted at the beginning of the 70s),
- automated command posts for district air forces – “Etalon” system (adopted asset by asset in 80s),
- automated control system for tactical structural unit (division-regiment) (adopted in 1983),
- “Trassa” automated control system for air traffic (entered in service at Simferopol airport in 1985),
- integrated automated control system for air forces and anti-aircraft defense of the Soviet forces in Germany (adopted in 1989),
- field-based automated tactical units control system (regiment, brigade, division) (adopted in 1991),
- automated control system for operational units (corps, army, front),
- automation facilities complexes for command posts and control centers of Far Eastern military district (equipped asset by asset from 1987 till 1989),
- dozens automated command posts and control centers for formations, general military units, missile forces and artillery, intelligence service, electronic warfare, air force and air defense, including all types of Russian aircrafts, world-known Russian surface-to-air missile systems such as S-300 of all modifications, “Tor”, “Tunguska”, “Strela”, “Osa”, “Buk”, short-range attack missiles (SRM) complexes such as “Tochka”, “Smerch” and others.
PORI-P1, PORI-P2, TSORI radar information processing posts and centers have been created and delivered to armed forces. A number of real time data-transmission equipment has been created and adopted.
NIISA was the first to introduce mobile field computer networks and distributed databases to the army in the USSR. All systems developed at the enterprise were tested and proved during all largest military exercises, held on the territory of our country.
Automated control systems for armed forces, armament, reconnaissance and electronic warfare were developed and manufactured in cooperation with more than 600 enterprises of 29 Ministries and agencies of the USSR, including 30 research institutes of Ministry of Defense under the NIISA direction.
The company has extensive experience in international cooperation in the field of defense technology developing and manufacturing. For many years the enterprise has been the primary coordinator and participant of the INTERASU program, which involved the Warsaw pact countries. Under this program, the unified field forces automated control system (UFAFCS) was developed.
From 1986 till 2010 NIISA UE was the parent enterprise of the AGAT State Research and Production Association – the leading organization of the Republic of Belarus defense sector in developing and manufacturing complex integrated fixed and mobile forces, arms, reconnaissance and electronic warfare control systems including communication facilities, information display facilities, armored computing machinery, radar means and military gages.
At the beginning of 2011 UE NIISA was reorganized into the open joint-stock company “AGAT – Control Systems”. On October 13, 2011 the Open Joint-Stock Company “AGAT – Control Systems» was renamed into the Open Joint-Stock Company “AGAT – Control Systems – Managing Company of Geoinformation Control Systems Holding» (according to the order of the State Military and Industrial Committee of the Republic of Belarus No. 238 of October 11, 2011.
Nowadays OJSC “AGAT – Control Systems” is a diversified enterprise and one of the leading enterprises, creating automated control systems for general and special purposes, hardware-software complexes and technologies, including communication and data transmission facilities, computing machinery, intsgages, life support and power-supply systems.
Unique design methodology for large integrated control systems has been created on the enterprise and the most modern technologies have been recently developed and applied, treated as “crucial” (“key”) in the West. The key point of the UE NIISA policy in science and technology in designing and manufacture is the large-scale technical re-equipment of the enterprise.
Tens of simulating centers, equipped with advanced computers and applying up-to-date information and communication techniques of both native and foreign developments have been founded, the well- equipped test base is available.
The company successfully maintains broad partnership with the CIS and other foreign countries in developing science technical products and delivering systems, their components and control components. Yet the company has recently introduced series of science-intensive projects for the benefit of the Republic of Belarus’s economy.
These projects include creation of automated control systems for all modes of transport (air traffic, railway, automobile), power engineering facilities, gas supply, cartography, forestry, automation of state administration bodies, and Belarusian society computerization within the frame of the Electronic Belarus state-run program, as well as another tens of projects.
Nowadays the OJSC “AGAT – Control Systems” products are basically science intensive models of systems and complexes, which top priority qualitative features satisfy high reliability, long service life, usability and affordable price.